Striking/Fielding Lesson Plan
Tactical Skills and Focus:
- Striking ball with a wicket (similar to baseball
bat) into open space away from the opposing teams fielders and defensive field positioning.
Cricket is a team sport for two teams of eleven players each. A formal
game of cricket can last anything from an afternoon to several days.
Although the game
play and rules are very different, the basic concept of cricket is similar to that of baseball. Teams bat in successive innings and attempt to score runs,
while the opposing team fields and attempts to bring an end to the batting team's innings. After each team has batted an equal
number of innings the team with the most runs wins.
Cricket Ball, Cricket
Bat, Wickets, Stumps, Protective Gear (ex. pads, gloves, helmet, etc for batsmen to wear to prevent injury when struck by
A cricket field
is a roughly elliptical field of flat grass, ranging in size from about 90 to 150 meters (100-160 yards) across, bounded by
an obvious fence or other marker. There is no fixed size or shape for the field. In the centre of the field is the pitch. It is marked with white lines, called creases, like this:
All eleven players
of the fielding team position themselves on the field while two players of the batting team go out to bat. The remainder of
the batting team waits off the field for their turn to bat.
The fielding team
disperses around the field strategically designed to stop runs being scored or to get batsmen out. One fielder is the bowler. Another fielder is the wicket-keeper.
He squats behind the opposite wicket.
The batsman stands
with his bat held down in front of the wicket, ready to hit the ball, which will be bowled from the other end of the pitch.
simply stands behind the other popping crease, waiting to run if necessary. The bowler takes a run-up from behind the non-striker's
wicket. He passes to one side of the wicket, and when he reaches the non-striker's popping crease he bowls the ball towards
the striker, usually bouncing the ball once on the pitch before it reaches the striker.
The striker may
then attempt to hit the ball with his bat. If he misses it, the wicket-keeper will catch it and the ball is completed. If
he hits it, the two batsmen may score runs. When the runs are completed, the ball is also considered completed. The ball is
considered to be in play from the moment the bowler begins his run-up. It remains in play until any of several conditions
occur after which it is called dead. The ball is also dead if it lodges in
the striker's clothing or equipment. Once the ball is dead, it is returned to the bowler for the next delivery (another name for the bowling of a ball). Between deliveries, the batsmen may leave their creases and
confer with each other.
When one bowler
has completed six balls, that constitutes an over. A different member of the
fielding team is given the ball and bowls the next over - from the opposite end of the pitch. The batsmen do not change ends,
so the roles of striker and non-striker swap after each over. Any member of the fielding team may bowl, so long as no bowler
delivers two consecutive overs.
during a ball is that a batsman may get out. If a batsman gets out, the ball
is dead immediately, so it is impossible to get the other batsman out during the same ball. The out batsman leaves the field,
and the next batsman in the team comes in to bat.
When ten batsmen
are out, no new batsmen remain to come in, and the innings is completed with one batsman remaining not out. The roles of the
teams then swap, and the team which fielded first gets to bat through an innings. When both teams have completed the agreed
number of innings, the team which has scored the most runs wins.
Whenever a batsman
hits the ball during a delivery, he may score runs. A run is scored by the batsmen running between the popping creases, crossing
over midway between them. When they both reach the opposite crease, one run is scored, and they may return for another run
immediately. The fielding side attempts to prevent runs being scored by threatening to run out one of the batsmen.
If the batsmen are
attempting to take runs, and a fielder gathers the ball and hits a wicket with it, dislodging one or both bails, while no
batsman is behind that wicket's popping crease, then the nearest batsman is run out. Specifically, the batsman must have some
part of his body or his bat grounded behind the crease.
The batsmen carry
their bats as they run, and turning for another run is accomplished by touching the ground beyond the crease with an outstretched
bat. The batsmen do not have to run at any time they think it is unsafe - it is common to hit the ball and elect not to run.
If the batsmen run
one or three (or five! rare, but possible), then they have swapped ends and their striker/non-striker roles are reversed for
the next ball unless the ball just completed is the end of an over.
In addition to scoring
runs like this, if a batsman hits the ball so that it reaches the boundary fence, he scores four runs, without needing to
actually run them. If a batsman hits the ball over the boundary on the full, he scores six runs. If a four or six is scored,
the ball is completed and the batsmen cannot be run out. If a spectator encroaches on to the field and touches the ball, it
is considered to have reached the boundary. If a fielder gathers the ball, but then steps outside or touches the boundary
while still holding the ball, four runs are scored. If a fielder catches the ball on the full and, either during or immediately
after the catch, steps outside or touches the boundary, six runs are scored.
The batsmen usually
stop taking runs when a fielder is throwing the ball back towards the pitch area. If no fielder near the pitch gathers the
ball and it continues into the outfield again, the batsmen may take more runs. Such runs are called overthrows. If the ball reaches the boundary on an overthrow, four runs are scored in addition to the runs taken before the overthrow occurred.
Ways of Getting Out:
If a fielder catches the ball on the full after the batsman has hit it with his
bat. However, if the fielder catches the ball, but either during the catch or immediately afterwards touches or steps over
the boundary, then the batsman scores six runs and is not out.
If the batsman misses the ball and it hits and breaks the wicket directly from
the bowler's delivery. The batsman is out whether or not he is behind his popping crease. He is also out bowled if the ball
breaks the wicket after deflecting from his bat or body. The batsman is not out if the wicket does not break.
Leg Before Wicket:
If the batsman misses the ball with his bat, but intercepts it with part of his
body when it would otherwise have hit the wicket, and provided several other conditions are satisfied.
If a batsman misses the ball and in attempting to play it steps outside his crease,
he is out stumped if the wicket-keeper gathers the ball and breaks the wicket with it before the batsman can ground part of
his body or his bat behind his crease.
If a batsman is attempting to take a run, or to return to his crease after an
aborted run, and a fielder breaks that batsman's wicket with the ball while he is out of the crease. The fielder may either
break the wicket with a hand which holds the ball or with the ball directly.