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Lesson Plan & Official Rules

Introductory Lead-Up Games for Batting/Fielding

Striking/Fielding Lesson Plan



Tactical Skills and Focus: 


        Striking ball with a wicket into open space away from the opposing team’s fielders

        Strategic defensive field positioning


A Stoolball match is played by 2 teams of 11 or less players. In mixed games there should be a maximum of six men in each team. Each team has one "innings" in which their players "bat" and attempt to score "runs" (points) while the opposing team "bowls" aiming to get the batsmen "out" and limit the number of runs scored. Each set of eight balls delivered by a bowler is called an "over" and an innings ends either when the set number of overs has been played or when all but one batsmen are out.

To begin, the captains of each team decide the number of overs that will be played, toss a coin to determine which team will bat first and agree the boundaries of the pitch.

To start, the first two batsmen position themselves in front of each wicket and the other team spread out over the pitch in order to "field" the ball as quickly as possible after the batsmen strikes it. The most important "fielder" is the "wicket keeper" who stands directly behind the wicket being bowled at.

For each over, a bowler is chosen by the captain and that person must bowl eight legitimate balls from within a bowling crease aiming to hit the wicket at the other end. The batsman who is at the target wicket tries to ensure that ball does not hit the wicket while also attempting to score runs. Both of these objectives are usually achieved by hitting the ball with the bat.

Each over is bowled in the opposite direction to the previous over and the same person must not bowl two overs consecutively. This necessitates the fielders changing position between overs.


A bowler must deliver the ball:

  • only when the batsmen is ready
  • underarm
  • with both feet behind the bowling crease and within the bowling crease returns
  • above the no-ball line on the stake
  • so that it does not bounce before the wicket

If the above rules are not met, a "no ball" is declared. If the ball is delivered so high or so wide of the wicket that the batsmen does not have a fair chance to hit it, a "wide" is declared. Every time that a no-ball or wide is bowled, a run is added to the batting team's score and the ball does not count as one of the eight balls of the over.

A run up is allowed but in mixed matches the run up must start in front of the wicket being bowled from.

 Scoring Runs

A run is scored if both batsmen run from one wicket to the opposite wicket, passing each other en-route and touch the wicket or stake upon arrival. The batsmen can run backwards and forwards between the wickets scoring runs in this fashion after the ball has been struck for as long as they judge it is safe to do so. The batsmen will normally stop running as soon as they perceive there is any chance that one of them might be "run out".

Four runs are automatically scored if the ball hits or crosses the boundary having first touched the ground. Six runs are automatically scored if the ball crosses the boundary without first touching the ground. Whenever a boundary is scored like this, any runs that the batsmen ran between the wickets are ignored.

If the batsman fails to hit a legitimate delivery but nonetheless runs are still obtained, these runs are referred to as "byes".

If the fielders make a mistake and allow the batsmen to score more runs when they had previously stopped running, these are called "overthrows".

If some runs have been scored by running between the wickets and then the fielders err so badly that they throw the ball over the boundary, the 4 runs for the boundary are given in addition to the runs already scored.


Created By:
Melissa Carroll, Andrew Timmers, Fil DaSilva & Kevin Moote